In order for a spatial or geographic data to be captured, stored, manipulated, analyzed, managed and presented, a system is designed to do these functions and this is called geographic information system or GIS. With the aid of GIS applications as tools, users are guided on how to create queries that are interactive, to analyze spatial information, edit the data in maps, and present the results of these processes.
Today, we have green projects all over the world that are getting benefits because of GIS technology, and this is because of the versatility and things to offer of GIS in the field of renewable energy.
Wind maps is among the several great ways that GIS is helping these green projects. In order to find the best location to install a wind turbine farm, a wind map can show the average wind speeds of an area. With this wind map, the wind speeds at various elevations can be also shown as to its character, and this will help researchers to identify the height of the wind generator so that the best results can be obtained. Costs can be cut down if the areas with the greatest wind energy potential are revealed.
With the aid of wind maps, the frequency of the wind that is related to dangers such as hurricanes and tornadoes can also be revealed. This would then lead for engineers to design and construct wind farms that are more durable and that can handle these mentioned conditions. Information about the land, whether it is prone to flooding, or if it is too far away from transmission lines to merit feasibility of the project, can all be decided based on the information that the GIS will reveal.
Researchers can calculate if wind turbines or solar panels are beneficial, with the combination of the technologies of solar map and wind map.
GIS has many features that can be offered for use in solar panels that are beneficial. Be aware that when solar panels installation is considered, factors have also be taken into consideration such as solar intensity, daily light amounts the panels receive, average temperature of the area and the cloud coverage. With GIS, these parameters can be placed on a map, shown to investors to help determine the most productive position of the solar panels, and this can affect on how effective the solar panels are, whether there is an increase or reduction.
With solar maps, the quantity of solar energy an area receives every year can be known. There is therefore a wealth of information that digital maps provide that are beneficial to the green projects of today, and with the aid of GIS as its powerful tool, we will sustain our earth to be greener.